meanwhile artificial intelligence Technology that appears to behave like the human brain has been in the spotlight over the past year, but it’s been at the forefront of researchers, investors and technology executives in Silicon Valley and beyond for more than a decade. It has been considered important.
Here are some of the people who were involved in the origins of the modern AI movement and influenced the development of the technology.
Altman is CEO of OpenAI, the San Francisco AI lab that created ChatGPT, a chatbot that has gone viral over the past year and ushered in the recognition of the power of generative artificial intelligence. Altman helped launch OpenAI after talking with Elon Musk about the technology in 2015. At the time, Altman was running Y Combinator, a Silicon Valley startup incubator.
Amodei is an AI researcher who joined OpenAI early on and runs the AI startup Anthropic. The former Google researcher helped set OpenAI’s research direction, but left in 2021 after disagreements over the path the company should take. In the same year, he founded Anthropic, which specializes in developing secure AI systems.
Mr. Gates, The Microsoft founder and for many years the world’s richest person has long been skeptical about how powerful AI will become. Then, in August 2022, there was a demonstration of his GPT-4 in OpenAI, the AI model underlying ChatGPT. After seeing GPT-4’s capabilities, Gates became a convert to his AI. His support has enabled Microsoft to aggressively leverage generative AI.
Neuroscientist Hassabis is the founder of DeepMind, one of the most important labs in this AI wave. He secured financial support from investor Peter Thiel to create his DeepMind and founded a lab that produced AlphaGo, the AI software that shocked the world. In 2016, he defeated the world’s best board game Go player and achieved world domination. (Mr. Hassabis was an award-winning chess player as a teenager.) Google acquired UK-based DeepMind in 2014, and Mr. Hassabis is one of the company’s top AI executives. .
Hinton, a professor at the University of Toronto, and two of his graduate students were responsible for neural networks, a key foundational technology for this wave of AI. Neural networks captivated the tech world, and Google quickly agreed to pay Hinton and his graduate students. In 2012, his $44 million funding outpaced Microsoft and Chinese technology company Baidu.
Mr. HoffmanThe former PayPal executive who founded LinkedIn and turned venture capitalist was part of the group that invested $1 billion in OpenAI, along with Musk and Thiel.
Musk, who led Tesla and founded SpaceX, He has long been concerned about the potential dangers of AI. At the time, he sought to position OpenAI, a nonprofit organization, as a more ethical counterweight to other technology companies. Musk left OpenAI in 2018 following disagreements with Altman.
As Microsoft’s chief executive, Mr. Nadella led the company’s investment in OpenAI in 2019 and this year, plowing $13 billion into the launch over the period. Since then, Microsoft has gone all-in on AI, incorporating OpenAI’s technology into its Bing search engine and many other products.
Page, who co-founded Google with Sergey Brin, has long been an advocate of AI and its benefits. He pushed for Google’s acquisition of DeepMind in 2014. Page has a more optimistic view of AI than most, telling Silicon Valley executives that robots and humans will one day live in harmony.
Thiel, a PayPal executive turned venture capitalist, made much of his wealth with an early investment in Facebook and was a major investor in an early AI research lab. He poured money into his DeepMind and then into OpenAI.
An internet philosopher and self-taught AI researcher, Yudkowsky helped sow the seeds of philosophical thinking about the technology.He was a leader in a community that called itself that. rationalist Or later in life talented altruistAlthough he believed in the power of AI, he also feared that the technology could destroy humans. Yudkowsky hosted an annual conference on AI (funded by Thiel), where Hassabis met with Thiel and secured support for DeepMind.
Zuckerberg, CEO of Meta, which owns Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp, has been pushing for AI adoption for at least a decade. Recognizing the power of this technology, he tried to acquire DeepMind before Google made the bid. He then started a recruitment drive to hire his AI talent to his Facebook.
Report contributor: Cade Metz, Karen Wise, Nico Grant and mike isaac.